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Anglo Japanese Naval Agreement

Anglo Japanese Naval Agreement

The Anglo-Japanese Naval Agreement: A Historical Overview

The Anglo-Japanese Naval Agreement was signed on 30 June 1939 between the United Kingdom and Japan. It was an attempt to stabilize the balance of power in the Pacific region and maintain peace in the world. The agreement was seen as a diplomatic success for Japan in terms of its foreign policy, as it allowed Japan to secure its position as a key power in the Far East.

The agreement was signed at a time when the world was on the brink of war. Germany had already annexed Austria and was threatening to invade Poland. The agreement was seen by the British government as a way to secure a powerful ally in the Far East, which would help to maintain stability and protect British interests.

The agreement was signed after months of negotiations between the two countries. The terms of the agreement were as follows: Japan would maintain a ratio of three naval tons to every five of Britain`s. This meant that Japan was allowed to have a navy that was much larger than any other naval power in the Pacific region, except for the United States.

The agreement was seen as a victory for Japan`s diplomatic efforts to secure a powerful ally in the Pacific region. It enabled Japan to increase its naval power without having to directly confront the United States. Moreover, the agreement freed Japan from its obligations under the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, which had limited the size of Japan`s navy.

However, the agreement also had its drawbacks. It was criticized by the United States, which saw it as a threat to its interests in the Pacific region. The United States had already imposed an embargo on Japan in response to its invasion of China, and the agreement only intensified this tension.

Furthermore, the agreement did not prevent Japan from pursuing its expansionist policies in Asia. In fact, Japan used its increased naval power to launch a surprise attack on the United States at Pearl Harbor in 1941. This attack ultimately led to Japan`s defeat in World War II, and the ending of the Anglo-Japanese Naval Agreement.

In conclusion, the Anglo-Japanese Naval Agreement was a significant event in the lead up to World War II. It enabled Japan to increase its naval power without having to confront the United States directly, but it also led to increased tension between Japan and the United States. Ultimately, the agreement did not prevent Japan from pursuing its expansionist policies, and it played a role in Japan`s defeat in World War II.

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